Cyber ​​Threat Landscape in 2024: New Threats and Defense Strategies

As we enter 2024, our digital world is rapidly evolving and cyber security threats are diversifying and becoming more complex in parallel with this evolution. As the methods used by cybercriminals become more sophisticated, strategies for dealing with these threats must also evolve. In this article, we will discuss the newest cyber threats we face in 2024 and the defense strategies developed against these threats.

New Cyber ​​Threats

  1. Artificial Intelligence-Assisted Attacks: Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) technologies are increasingly used by cybercriminals. These technologies are used to create automated systems that make malware harder to detect, can hide its behavior and attack its targets more effectively. In particular, the use of AI has increased in threats such as spear phishing attacks and ransomware.

  2. Supply Chain Attacks: Supply chain attacks are attacks that target third-party software or service providers used by an organization, rather than exploiting its vulnerabilities. In 2024, a significant increase in the number of such attacks has been observed. The SolarWinds and Kaseya attacks have shown how devastating supply chain attacks can be.

  3. Internet of Things (IoT) Attacks: As the number of IoT devices and the integration of these devices increases, attacks on these devices also increase. Since IoT devices often have weak security measures, they are used by attackers as a gateway to networks. Industrial IoT (IIoT) and smart home systems, in particular, have become the target of cybercriminals.

  4. Attacks on Critical Infrastructure: Critical infrastructures such as energy, water, healthcare and transportation have become attractive targets for cyber attackers. Such attacks can cause large-scale disruptions and even physical damage. In 2024, an increase in attacks against such infrastructures is expected because these attacks pose serious risks to national security.

Defense Strategies

  1. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Based Security Solutions: Against the use of AI and ML by cyber criminals, cyber security experts are also including these technologies in their defense strategies. AI-based solutions in areas such as behavioral analytics, anomaly detection and threat hunting are used to detect and prevent attacks early.

  2. Zero Trust Architecture: The Zero Trust approach requires constant verification of every user, device and application. This architecture, unlike traditional security approaches, does not automatically accept anything within the network as trustworthy. In 2024, Zero Trust architecture plays a critical role in strengthening organizations' defenses against cyber attacks.

  3. Supply Chain Security: To protect against supply chain attacks, organizations need to more tightly monitor their third-party providers and ensure they comply with security standards. In this context, security risk assessments should be added to contracts with suppliers and regular audits should be carried out.

  4. Forward-Looking Training and Awareness Programs: The human factor remains the weakest link in cyber security. Therefore, it is important to organize advanced training programs and continuous awareness campaigns to increase employees' cybersecurity awareness. In particular, simulations and exercises should be conducted to increase susceptibility to phishing attacks.

  5. Advanced Monitoring and Response Capabilities: Continuous monitoring and rapid response capabilities provide effective defense against cyber threats. Advanced threat intelligence and incident response teams can quickly detect attacks and minimize their impact. Additionally, cyber incident response plans need to be tested and updated regularly.


The year 2024 appears to be a period in which cyber security threats become more complex and diversified. Artificial intelligence-enabled attacks, supply chain attacks, IoT vulnerabilities and threats to critical infrastructures are among the main challenges faced by organizations. To deal with these threats, it is of great importance to use advanced defense strategies and technologies, organize continuous training and awareness programs, and adopt innovative approaches such as zero trust architecture. A proactive and adaptive approach to cybersecurity will be the most effective defense mechanism to protect our digital world in 2024.